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Types of Congenital Cataracts


Examples of more common forms of congenital cataracts include:

  • Anterior polar cataracts are well defined, located in the front part of the eye's lens and thought to be commonly associated with inherited traits. These types of cataracts often are considered too small to require surgical intervention.

  • Posterior polar cataracts also are well defined, but appear in the back portion of the eye's lens.

  • Nuclear cataracts appear in the central part of the lens and are a very common form of congenital cataracts.

  • Cerulean cataracts usually are found in both eyes of infants and are distinguished by small, bluish dots in the lens. Typically, these types of cataracts do not cause vision problems. Cerulean cataracts appear to be associated with inherited tendencies.

Without early intervention, congenital cataracts can lead to development of "lazy eye" or amblyopia. This condition can then lead to other eye problems such as nystagmus, strabismus and inability to fix a gaze upon objects.
Such problems can profoundly impact learning ability, personality and even appearance, ultimately affecting a child's entire life. For these and many other reasons, make sure your child's eyes are examined regularly and as soon as possible after your baby is born






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